(Healthline) – Researchers have found that men and women may be able to improve athletic performance by drinking caffeine, specifically in coffee
Previous research investigated pills or powder
The study included 38 people, half of them female, and investigated how drinking coffee before a 5-kilometer (about 3 miles) cycling trial affected performance.
Participants were told to abstain from caffeine, alcohol, and strenuous activity for 12 hours before drinking either a coffee providing 3 milligrams of caffeine for every kilogram (2.2 pounds) they weighed, water containing coffee flavoring (placebo), or nothing at all for the experiment’s control group.
They found coffee significantly improved time trial performance for both sexes. The results indicate not only that men and women respond similarly to coffee, but also that coffee is a practical way to get caffeine before exercising to improve your performance.
“Caffeine is a well-established ergogenic [enhancing physical performance] aid, and recently there has been debate as to whether the same ergogenic benefits observed from caffeine ingestion can be obtained from consuming caffeine in the form of coffee,” lead study author Dr. Neil Clarke, associate professor, School of Life Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Coventry University, United Kingdom, told Healthline. “However, most of the research has focused on men ingesting pure caffeine.”