Children under 1 year are not watching TV, contact with intelligent devices is the latest warning of the World Health Organization before concerns about image effects of this problem to the health young children.
In the past day 24/4, World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a number of new guidelines on physical activity, lifestyle and sleep advocacy for children under 5 years old. In this recommendation, the WHO has warned that children watch television, exposure, using devices such as smart phones, tablet PCs are becoming increasingly cause harm children’s health.
Mr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO director-general, urged people to do something good for health from the early stages of young children to ensure good overall health. He emphasized that fact proved childhood phase is very important for the development of a human being. Habits and lifestyles are not good in childhood can become agents devastation later life of the child and the cause of diseases such as obesity, diabetes, heart disease, stroke … in a some people in adulthood.
In a report published as news on its website, the WHO declared that: For children under 5 years not only to minimize the contact time with the TV screen, smart devices … but also to restrict children sitting in strollers, sat for too long, to ensure children have better sleep and have more time to play active games to help the body healthy.
According to representatives of the WHO, reducing the exposure time to a TV or smart devices will help children have more time for physical activity should whereby the quality of sleep is improved better.
This can positively impact physical health, mental health and children, helping to prevent obesity in children later.
Many studies have demonstrated that exposure to TV time, too many smart devices are disastrous for the health of children. Child & Adolescent According to The Lancet Health, exposure to television screens, tablets, phones, more than 2 hours per day can lead to poor condition and slow cognitive thinking in children. Several other studies have shown that excessive exposure to these devices can lead to vision problems such as dry eye syndrome and visual impairments.
Failure to meet recommendations for physical activity is currently causes more than 5 million deaths globally each year in all age groups. Currently, over 23% of adults and 80% of adolescents are not sufficient physical activity. Physical activity habits healthy, good sleep habits established early as the baby will be sustained through childhood, youth and adulthood. Therefore, WHO recommended a number of activities for children and young people can leave the devices such as: reading, storytelling, singing and solving puzzles … These activities are important for growth the child’s development.
Some important recommendations as proposed by the WHO are:
For children under 1 year of age:
physical activity several times a day, do not allow contact with the screen television, smart device, not sitting cramped in trolley, in tow … more than 1 hour / times. Therefore, WHO recommends:
physical activity several times a day in many ways, particularly through active play with the caregiver as much as possible. For those who do not know to go, he should be physically active at least 30 minutes per day while awake by playing with caregivers.
Never let children lie / sit more than 1 hour / times in the stroller, high chair or sit / sleep in tow and the absolute not exposed to television, smart device. Instead, you or caregivers should play with children, read books and tell stories to children.
Sleep time: For children aged 0-3 months, babies should sleep between 14-17 hours a day and 12-16 hours for children aged 4-11 months. Getting adequate sleep, including naps help sleep quality is guaranteed, healthy child development.
For children from 1-2 years old:
Spend at least 3 hours / day for physical activity and do not allow contact with the TV screen, smart devices … For children in this age group, WHO recommends :
Parents and caregivers should ensure that children have at least 3 hours each day for physical activity with any intensity, including the physical activity intensity moderate to strong, the activities divided over the day and as much as possible.
Unconstrained than 1 hour each time in strollers, high chairs for babies strapped on their backs or caregiver or sit for long periods. For children 1 year of age should not use time on static display (like watching TV or videos, playing games on the computer). You also should not children’s television viewing, video, playing games on the computer. For children 2 years and older, the contact time with this device should not exceed 1 hour, should minimize contact time as little as possible. Instead, children should be playing with their caregivers, are read and tell stories.
Daily sleep duration of children should be guaranteed from 11-14 hours including naps. Always ensure that children sleep and enough sleep.
For children from 3-4 years old:
Physical activity at least 3 hours / day, time exposure screen television, smart device … shall not exceed 1 hour. WHO issued recommendations for children in this age group are as follows:
Parents and caregivers should ensure that children have at least 3 hours each day for physical activity with any intensity yet, in which at least 60 minutes is the intensity of physical activity of moderate to strong. The physical activity is spread evenly during the day and as much as possible.
Unconstrained than 1 hour each time in strollers, high chairs for babies strapped on their backs or caregiver or sit for long periods. Time watching television or contact with the smart device no more than 1 hour, should minimize contact time as little as possible. Instead, children should be playing with their caregivers, are read and tell stories, running play …
Time to sleep every day to ensure children from 10-13 hours including naps. Always ensure that children sleep and enough sleep.